Journal of Indian Society of Periodontology
Journal of Indian Society of Periodontology
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REVIEW ARTICLE
Year : 2011  |  Volume : 15  |  Issue : 4  |  Page : 323-327

Antimicrobial photodynamic therapy: An overview


1 Department of Conservative Dentistry, Sree Mookambika Institute of Dental Sciences, Kulasekharam, K.K. Dist, India
2 Department of Periodontics, Sree Mookambika Institute of Dental Sciences, Kulasekharam, K.K. Dist, India
3 Department of Orthodontics, GDC, Kottayam, India
4 PG, Department of Prosthodontics, SMIDS, Kulasekharam, Kerala, India

Correspondence Address:
Elizabeth Koshi
Department of Periodontics, Sree Mookambika Institute of Dental Sciences, Kulasekharam, Kanyakumari, Tamil Nadu 629 161
India
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/0972-124X.92563

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Inflammatory periodontal disease caused by dental plaque is characterized by the clinical signs of inflammation and loss of periodontal tissue support. The mechanical removal of this biofilm and adjunctive use of antibacterial disinfectants and antibiotics have been the conventional methods of periodontal therapy. But the removal of plaque and the reduction in the number of infectious organisms can be impaired in sites with difficult access. The possibility of development of resistance to antibiotics by the target organism has led to the development of a new antimicrobial concept with fewer complications. Photodynamic therapy (PDT) involves the use of low power lasers with appropriate wavelength to kill micro organisms treated with a photosensitizer drug. PDT could be a useful adjunct to mechanical as well as antibiotics in eliminating periopathogenic bacteria.


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