Journal of Indian Society of Periodontology
Journal of Indian Society of Periodontology
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Year : 2012  |  Volume : 16  |  Issue : 2  |  Page : 200-206

The evaluation of doxycycline controlled release gel versus doxycycline controlled release implant in the management of periodontitis

1 Department of Periodontics, Manav Rachna Dental College, Faridabad, Haryana, India
2 CODS, Manipal, Karnataka, India

Correspondence Address:
Vandana Srikrishna Chadha
M 43, Kalkaji, New Delhi 110 019
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/0972-124X.99262

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Background: Investigators have sought different methods to deliver antimicrobials to periodontal pockets. This study was designed to assess the efficacy of locally made doxycycline gel versus locally made doxycycline implant as biodegradable controlled local delivery systems, by evaluating the pharmacological drug release and improvement in gingival status, gain in attachment, and reduction in pocket depth. Materials and Methods: Thirty patients with localized periodontal pockets ≥5 mm were randomly divided into three groups. The first group received the doxycycline gel, the second the doxycycline implant, and the third received only scaling and root planing (the control group). The patients in the first two groups were selected for the drug release. Clinical parameters such as gingival index, plaque index, probing depth, and attachment levels were recorded at baseline and the 90 th day. Gingival crevicular fluid (GCF) and saliva samples were collected 1 hour following gel and implant placement and then on the 10 th , 30 th , and 60 th days. Results: There was a statistically significant difference in the release of doxycycline from the gel when compared with the implant in the GCF and saliva on the 10 th and 30 th days. All the three groups showed improvement in clinical parameters. The improvements in both gel and implant groups were greater when compared with the control group with no statistically significant difference between the implant and gel systems. Conclusion: The use of local delivery of doxycycline through gel and Implant media further enhances the positive changes obtained following scaling and root planing. The release of doxycycline from the implant and the gel was comparable.

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