Journal of Indian Society of Periodontology
Journal of Indian Society of Periodontology
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Year : 2014  |  Volume : 18  |  Issue : 4  |  Page : 524-526

Dental manifestation of primary idiopathic hypoparathyroidism

1 Department of Periodontics, Bangalore Institute of Dental Sciences and Post graduate Research Centre, Lakkasandra, Bangalore, Karnataka, India
2 Department of Periodontics, Hassanamba College of Dental Sciences, Hassan, Karnataka, India
3 Department of Periodontics, SDM College of Dental Sciences, Dharwad, Karnataka, India

Correspondence Address:
Aparna Satyanarayan
Department of Periodontics, Bangalore Institute of Dental Sciences and Postgraduate Research Centre, Lakkasandra, Bangalore - 560 025
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/0972-124X.138755

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Idiopathic hypoparathyroidism (IHP) is a rare endocrinopathic disorder, of idiopathic nature, characterized by a deficiency of parathyroid hormone causing low serum calcium (Ca) and high serum phosphorus concentrations. We present a case report ofa 40-year-old woman with complaint of bleeding gums and tingling sensation in fingers and toes reported to our department in March 2005 with no tangible diagnosis from previous medical examinations. Oral findings included abnormally short roots, cemental hyperplasia, widening of the periodontal ligament space and root resorption. Laboratory investigations revealed a low serum Ca level and along with the clinical findings, a diagnosis of IHP was reached. Oral prophylaxis was performed and Ca supplements were prescribed. We believe that this case report is a first of its kind reporting cemental hyperplasia, altered alveolar bone patterns and periodontal ligament widening in a patient with IHP.

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