Journal of Indian Society of Periodontology
Journal of Indian Society of Periodontology
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Year : 2021  |  Volume : 25  |  Issue : 2  |  Page : 133-137

Analysis of root coverage esthetic score in patients treated for gingival recession: An interexaminer reliability

Department of Periodontics and Implantology, Vishnu Dental College, Bhimavaram, Andhra Pradesh, India

Correspondence Address:
Inti Srividya
Department of Periodontics and Implantology, Vishnu Dental College, Vishnupur, Bhimavaram - 534 202, West Godavari, Andhra Pradesh
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/jisp.jisp_626_19

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Background: Awareness about pink esthetics among dentists in general needs to be assessed as root coverage procedures are the mainstay of treatment for gingival recession. Concordance among the dentists in figuring out the esthetic outcomes after root coverage procedures is inconsistent. Hence, this study aims to evaluate inter- and intra-examiner reliability of root coverage esthetic scores (RES) between periodontists and nonperiodontists. Materials and Methods: The study was conducted using twenty baseline and 6-month posttreatment photographs of Miller's Class I and Class II gingival recessions. The participants that constituted ten periodontists and ten nonperiodontists were assembled in the seminar hall to receive training on protocol and procedures for RES by the investigator. All the participants were shown twenty projections of side-by-side baseline and 6-month outcomes of root coverage procedures. Each projection was shown for 30 s during which the participants were made to use RES system to evaluate the surgical outcomes. Results: Periodontists showed the highest reliability in the scores of marginal tissue contour with an overall intraexaminer reliability to be perfect among periodontists. Intraexaminer reliability among nonperiodontists was fair, and gingival margin was the parameter with the highest reliability among them. Interexaminer reliability between periodontists and nonperiodontists showed slight reliability concerning gingival margin, and fair reliability was found for marginal tissue contour, soft-tissue texture, mucogingival junction, and gingival color. Conclusion: Satisfying the esthetic component of gingiva is the duty of every dentist in general and not only the periodontists. Significant variability was found in esthetic scores between the groups, which can probably be attributed to the lack of sufficient knowledge regarding pink esthetics among the nonperiodontists, which needs to be improved.

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