Journal of Indian Society of Periodontology
Journal of Indian Society of Periodontology
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Year : 2021  |  Volume : 25  |  Issue : 6  |  Page : 480-484

The influence of periostin on osteoblastic adhesion and proliferation on collagen matrices - An in vitro study

1 Consultant Periodontist, Thiruvannamalai, Faculty, Chennai, Tamil Nadu, India
2 Department of Periodontics, SRM Dental College and Hospital, Chennai, Tamil Nadu, India

Correspondence Address:
Sangeetha Subramanian
Department of Periodontics, SRM Dental College and Hospital, Ramapuram, Chennai - 600 089, Tamil Nadu
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/jisp.jisp_396_20

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Purpose: The purpose of the study was to evaluate the ability of periostin when impregnated onto varied collagen matrices to influence osteoblast cell adhesion, proliferation, and activity. Materials and Methods: Saos-2 osteoblast cells were cultured and seeded onto two different collagen matrices as follows: Group A: absorbable collagen sponge (ACS), Group B: ACS impregnated with recombinant human periostin, Group C: nanocrystalline hydroxyapatite collagen (NcHC), and Group D: NcHC impregnated with recombinanant human periostin. 3-(4,5-dimethylthiazol-2-yl)-2,5-diphenyltetrazolium bromide assay was performed to evaluate cell viability as well as adhesion and proliferation on 2nd, 5th, and 7th day. Osteoblast activity was studied using alkaline phosphatase (ALP) assay for the study groups. Results: The periostin-treated absorbable collagen matrices showed a statistically significant increase in the osteoblast adhesion compared to periostin-treated NcHC on days 2, 5, and 7 (P < 0.001). The osteoblast activity as evaluated by ALP assay showed that there is increased activity in the periostin-treated ACS compared to the periostin-treated NcHC. Conclusion: From the observations of this study, it is evident that Periostin has a significant role in the modulating cellular response of the osteoblast cells. Further, incorporation of periostin into the ACS has been shown to increase the cell viability, proliferation, and adhesion of osteoblast-like Saos-2 cells.

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