Journal of Indian Society of Periodontology
Journal of Indian Society of Periodontology
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Year : 2022  |  Volume : 26  |  Issue : 3  |  Page : 283-286

A curious case of gingival enlargement - From seropositive diagnosis for human immunodeficiency virus to periodontal management

Department of Periodontology, Government Dental College and Hospital, Mumbai, Maharashtra, India

Correspondence Address:
Sonal Vasudev Kakarmath
Government Dental College and Hospital, P D'mello Road, Near Chhatrapati Shivaji Terminus Area, Fort, Mumbai - 400 001, Maharashtra
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/jisp.jisp_886_20

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Gingival enlargement may be a result of multifactorial etiology which includes local factors such as calculus, food lodgement, overhanging restorations, and overextended dentures as well as systemic conditions such as hormonal disturbances and blood dyscrasias. Acquired immune deficiency is a manifestation of immune disorder caused by a retrovirus Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV). The association of Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome or HIV with oral and periodontal lesions is highly significant. Seropositive patients usually present with periodontal diseases and atypical periodontal lesions. These clinical findings may prove to be a link for probing patients' systemic health. This case report describes one such case of a patient, unaware of HIV infection with localized gingival overgrowth, wherein detailed probing and investigation led to the diagnosis of underlying systemic condition as acquired immunodeficiency. Subsequently, antiretroviral therapy was started, and nonsurgical periodontal therapy was performed to resolve the gingival overgrowth.

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