Journal of Indian Society of Periodontology

EDITORIAL
Year
: 2021  |  Volume : 25  |  Issue : 2  |  Page : 91--92

Plagiarism: Injurious to the academic health of the researcher and research!


Ashish Kumar 
 Editor, Journal of Indian Society of Periodontology, Professor & Head, Department of Periodontics, Dental College, Regional Institute of Medical Sciences, Imphal - 795 004, Manipur, India

Correspondence Address:
Ashish Kumar
Editor, Journal of Indian Society of Periodontology, Professor & Head, Department of Periodontics, Dental College, Regional Institute of Medical Sciences, Imphal - 795 004, Manipur
India




How to cite this article:
Kumar A. Plagiarism: Injurious to the academic health of the researcher and research!.J Indian Soc Periodontol 2021;25:91-92


How to cite this URL:
Kumar A. Plagiarism: Injurious to the academic health of the researcher and research!. J Indian Soc Periodontol [serial online] 2021 [cited 2021 Apr 16 ];25:91-92
Available from: https://www.jisponline.com/text.asp?2021/25/2/91/310572


Full Text

[AUTHOR:1]

Plagiarism is the most common reason for rejection of a manuscript. Plagiarism is basically using work or ideas of someone else as your own. The use and incorporation of such ideas and work into your work without acknowledgement is what constitutes plagiarism. Copying/lifting/using any material from published and unpublished printed or electronic form comes under the definition and umbrella of plagiarism.

Being intellectually upright should be not be hard for anyone and it translates into acknowledging the original authors of the published and unpublished materials in any form which have been used in one's own work. Therefore, plagiarism also means violation of academic integrity. Plagiarism is not only wrong and can have serious consequences for our future academic profession and projects us, our department and institution in poor light.

We plagiarize knowingly (intentional) or unknowingly (unintentional). Lack of knowledge on various types of various types of plagiarism can many times lead to unintentional plagiarism but can blemish the reputation of the person. So, it becomes extremely important for us to know and understand the different types of plagiarism.[1],[2]

In this editorial, I will briefly touch on the most common and known types of plagiarism and in the next editorial, I will try to elucidate types of plagiarism which happen mostly unintentionally as we do not consider it to be “plagiarism” because of our lack of knowledge on this topic.

Complete plagiarism: This is an severest form of plagiarism when someone else's work, study, or article is lifted and submitted as his own work, study or manuscript under his/her own name.[1]

Verbatim/copy-and-paste/direct plagiarism: It means using/copying someone else's words, paragraph or work from another source without a citation, or attribution. This type of plagiarism has two forms: the first form is obviously copying and pasting the words and asserting that the words are that of author and not citing the source at all; and in second form authors may mention the source or cite the source, but do not mention it's quoted verbatim. So, if some words or paragraph needs to be included from some source, we should know how the matter has to be quoted.[1],[2]

Inaccurate authorship/misleading attribution: This type of plagiarism occurs when the names authors is incorrect. This also can be in three forms: In the first form, the names of author who deserve credit for their contribution are not included as authors; In the second form, names are included without any contribution to work; and in the third form, combination of first and second form occurs together. The authors who deserve the credit for their contribution are removed and names of persons are included who have not no contribution in the work.[1]

Replicate publications: This includes submission of same work to different publication houses and having the same study/work published in different journals.[1],[2]

Reuse/duplication/self-plagiarism: Researchers sometimes tend to use their old published work without citing it.[1],[2]

Plagiarism of other types…. To be continued in the editorial of next issue.

References

1Eassom H. 10 types of plagiarism in research; 2013. 2016 Feb 02. Available from: URL https://www.wiley.com/network/researchers/submission-and-navigating-peer-review/10-types-of-plagiarism-in-research. [Last accessed on 2021 Jan 09].
2University of Oxford. Plagiarism. Available from: URL: https://www.ox.ac.uk/students/academic/guidance/skills/plagiarism. [Last accessed on 2021 Jan 09].